Conservation planning to save Honey Bees

People must know that our daily food consumption is based on honey bees. Industrial development and human population growth have escorted to increase and continuously unsustainable consumption of natural resources. The resulting interconnected climatic pressures intimidated jeopardize the provision of crucial ecosystems services and global biodiversity. The insect’s pollinators are the best example. Solitary and social bees, beetles, butterflies, moth, and bees comprise the gigantic majority of pollinators. The current climatic conditions are a serious threat for honey bee development and honey bee production in Pakistan. It can impact on honey bee population at various levels. Honeybee behavior and physiology directly influenced by current climatic conditions. It can change flowers development, pollen production, nectar and other flowering crops that reduce the honey bee colony capacity and development.

Useful Hints:

To grow flowering plants in your Gardens:
A flower’s color, odor, shape, size, timing, and reward (nectar or pollen) can increase or decrease the number of visits by specific pollinators. Bees and flowering plants have a mutualistic relationship. Bees feed on the nectar and pollen of flowers and help in reproduction and mating process. This adoption will provide a healthy and beautiful garden, increase biodiversity, protect habitat, promote pollination, increase variability, regulate climate change and become eco-friendly.


Don’t use of pesticides, fungicides and herbicides on plants in your garden:
According to US “Colony Collapse Disorder” or CCD is an outcome of a potentially used cocktail of varied herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides used in modern agriculture and modern landscaping, and specifically the overused class of poisons, neonicotinoids.


“The weight of evidence demonstrates that pesticides are indeed key in explaining honey bee declines, both directly and in tandem with the other two leading actors, pathogens, and poor nutrition.”Regulation and phase-out of acutely toxic pesticides, herbicides and fungicides can be reduced by the implementation of the legislative, economic and environmental framework.


Prefer organic foods:
Seventy-five percent of all crops grown for human consumption rely on pollinators, predominantly bees, for a successful harvest. Organic farming standards not only prohibit the use of synthetic pesticides, many of which are highly toxic to bees and can be persistent in the environment but also require that organic producers manage their farms in a manner that fosters biodiversity and improves natural resources. Organic farmers also use numerous integrative pest management techniques which promote environments that support beneficial insects such as pollinators by providing them with habitat and nutritious floral food sources.


Leave beehives in your surrounding:
It is the best way to conserve, preserve and protect the natural habitat of honey bees. People must promote the existing beehives in their surrounding in order to initiate bee and other pollinator diversity visit; leads to enhance natural balancing processes, increase biodiversity, minimize food insecurity, boost food production and support balance in demand-consumerism.


Buy local honey:
Unlike pasteurized honey, raw honey comes straight from the hive and is unheated, unpasteurized and undiluted, which means it retains all the antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and delicious flavor. By buying local raw honey, you support local beekeepers and their bees, and therefore the environmental health of your own town or city, as well as your own health.


Grow native and bee friendly plants in your garden:
Dandelions and clover are two of the bees’ favorite foods – they provide tons of nourishment and pollen for our pollinators to make honey and to feed their young. In addition to the dandelions and clover, bees love many other flowers, including: bee balm, borage, asters, lavender, thyme, mint, rosemary, honeysuckle, poppies, sunflowers, marigolds, salvia, butterfly bush, clematis, Echinacea blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, fennel, yellow hyssop, milkweed, goldenrod, and many more. This not only helps the honey bees, it will also make your yard more beautiful and can also provide you with a bunch of great culinary herbs.


Educate yourself and your community about bees:
Most effective and efficient step in conservation strategy is to make the community aware about the significance, function and consumption value over the environment, health, and economy. As the honey bee is an important sustainer of an ecosystem so we should put forward steps to protect these species by adopting legal, ethical and moral support to aware the society at the individual, group, societal and community level.

Article by Rao M Sajjad Sharif* Shahid Majeed and Erum Shahzadi 

 



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